Although we don’t think about it every day, there are currently 1,500 active volcanoes around the world. Of those, 565 have erupted over the course of history and 45 are erupting at this very minute, according to the Global Volcanism Program at the Smithsonian Institution. On December 9, 2019, the world was reminded of the power of volcanoes as the White Island volcano on the north island of New Zealand erupted, killing fourteen people and injuring many more. Are you located near one of these ticking time bombs?
Santa Maria, Guatemala
Santa Maria Volcano is a large active volcano in the highlands of Guatemala, near the city of Quetzaltenango. Its crater was formed by an eruption in 1902, which was one of the three largest eruptions of the 20th century, and one of the five largest eruptions in the last several years.
The volcano rests on the fault line of the Cocos and Carribean plate, and their movement is what usually results in an eruption. Santa Maria’s last eruption was in March of 2011, with lava flow remaining consistent to the day.